What is Yerba Mate tea? About This Energizing Beverage

I’ve sipped, studied, and savored them from every corner of the globe, and today, I’m thrilled to take you on an exploration to answer the question: “what is Yerba mate tea?”

Prepare to immerse yourself in the intriguing history of this South American beverage, to discover its unique uses, and unveil the reasons behind its ever-growing popularity.

Quotes of tea at Today

“When I wake up, I always drink tons of Guayaki organic yerba mate tea.”
— Lisa Edelstein

What is yerba mate tea?

Yerba mate is a tea made from the dried leaves and twigs of the Ilex paraguariensis plant. This plant is native to South America, particularly in regions of Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Brazil. In recent years, Yerba Mate tea has gained popularity outside of South America, and it’s now widely available in health food stores and online retailers.

what is yerba mate

First and foremost, Yerba Mate is deeply ingrained in the cultural traditions of many South American countries. As someone who values cultural heritage and identity, drinking yerba mate is a way to connect with my roots and feel a sense of community.

Yerba mate serves both as a cultural tradition and a social pastime. Sharing a mate gourd with loved ones fosters strong bonds and cherished moments.

Mate yerba

Furthermore, yerba mate offers remarkable health advantages. Personally, I’ve felt its positive impact. Packed with antioxidants and valuable elements, it enhances mental clarity, boosts energy, and combats inflammation and cancer.

Note: September 1st is considered the day of mate. It’s news to me, but interesting nonetheless!

Where is yerba mate from?

Yerba mate is derived from the naturally caffeinated leaves of a holly tree called Ilex paraguariensis, which grows in the South American Atlantic rainforest. Yerbateros, cultivators, handpick yerba mate leaves from small farms and indigenous communities in Paraguay, Argentina, and Brazil.

Yerba mate - South America
Yerba mate – South America

They passed on this knowledge to European colonizers in the 16th century, which led to yerba mate origin becoming popular in Europe during the 17th and 18th centuries.

In the late 19th century, the yerba mate industry began to develop in Argentina with the founding of the first yerba mate plantations. Today, Yerba Mate tea is still primarily produced and consumed in South America.

where is yerba mate from

Still, its popularity has spread to other parts of the world as a natural energy drink and coffee alternative.

The yerba mate culture

With my expertise in yerba mate, I can affirm that it’s a vital facet of South American heritage, encompassing diverse customs and rituals linked to the consumption of this unique tea, crafted from the yerba mate plant.

how long does yerba mate last

Sharing mate with friends and family is a crucial aspect of the Yerba Mate culture, as it’s a way to build and strengthen relationships. The tea is typically consumed from a gourd or cup using a bombilla, a straw passed around the group.

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How yerba mate grows

I select well-drained, acidic soil with partial shade to grow Yerba Mate. Yerba mate can be grown from seeds or cuttings, but I prefer to start with seeds. After sowing them in a nursery or directly in the field, I water them regularly until they’re ready to transplant.

yerba mate tea

Once the yerba mate plants are established, I prune them regularly to keep them at a manageable height. The leaves are evergreen and glossy, growing in pairs on opposite sides of the stem. During the summer, I harvest the leaves and young stems by hand, usually from the third or fourth year of growth.

After harvesting, I dry the leaves over a fire, which gives them their signature smoky flavor. I then chop or grind the dried leaves into a fine powder, which I use to make yerba mate tea.

Nutrients in Yerba Mate

In South America, where getting a variety of veggies can be a challenge, Yerba Mate tea – packed full of vitamins and minerals found in vegetables – has earned its spot as a “must-have.”

Now, let me give you a friendly comparison of the nutrients in 100cc of Yerba Mate tea with other teas.

Mineral (mg/100g) Black Tea Sencha Oolong Tea Yerba Mate
Calcium 430 300 330 792
Magnesium 200 200 200 430
Iron 14 11 21 59
Manganese 35 30 70 96
Zinc 44988 44988 45140 45082

Yerba mate loose leaf

Yerba Mate tea is rich in vital minerals like calcium, magnesium, and iron, making it a valuable source of nutrients, especially for women. What’s intriguing is that Yerba Mate not only provides ample iron, calcium, and potassium but also contains lower levels of compounds such as tannin, mateine, and caffeine, which can interfere with our body’s iron absorption. Pretty neat, isn’t it?

The best part? Yerba Mate contains fewer irritants, making it easier for our bodies to soak up all those good nutrients from the tea. This, in turn, can have positive effects on various body organs.

The nutrient content can vary based on whether the tea is roasted. In general, it’s said that unroasted green mate tea packs more of a nutritional punch than its roasted counterpart.

How Yerba mate is prepared

Let me share with you how I prepare yerba mate.

First, I fill my mate gourd about three-quarters full with yerba mate leaves. Then, I tilt the gourd at a 45-degree angle and gently shake it to move the finer particles to the top and the larger particles to the bottom.

Yerba tea

Next, I insert my bombilla into the gourd, pressing it gently into the yerba mate. I pour hot water (not boiling) into the mate gourd, filling it to just below the top of the yerba mate.

I briefly let the yerba mate absorb the water before sipping. The taste might be a bit bitter at first, but it becomes more pleasant as you continue to drink.

I refill the mate gourd with hot water but never stir the el mate. And when I’m enjoying yerba tea loose leaf with friends, we pass the mate gourd and bombilla around in a circle.

While yerba mate can also be prepared using a French press or a coffee maker, I prefer using a mate gourd and bombilla. Yerba mate can be enjoyed hot or cold and is often served with sugar or honey to sweeten the taste.

What are the different ways to drink yerba mate tea?

El mate

If you’re looking for different ways to enjoy yerba mate tea, I’ve got you covered! As someone who has tried a variety of preparation methods, here are some of my favorite ways to drink yerba mate:

  • Traditional way: I highly recommend trying the traditional method. You can use a gourd and bombilla, the most authentic way to enjoy yerba mate.
  • French press: I also love to prepare yerba mate using a French press. It’s a quick and easy method that yields a delicious cup of tea.
  • Tea bags: If you’re in a hurry or prefer a more convenient option, yerba mate is also available in tea bags. I love this method when I’m on the go.
  • Iced yerba mate: During the hot summer months, I like to switch it up and enjoy iced yerba mate. It’s incredibly refreshing and perfect for those who want to cool down.
  • Yerba mate latte: Finally, a yerba mate latte is an excellent option for those who enjoy a creamy and frothy cup of tea. It’s similar to a traditional latte but with the added benefits of yerba mate.

Tasting yerba mate

This South American traditional beverage is a unique and flavorful treat. When I prepare my yerba mate, I fill my gourd with the leaves, add hot water, and let it steep for a few minutes. Then, I sip it through my bombilla and enjoy its earthy, herbaceous, slightly bitter, yet refreshing taste.

The caffeine content in yerba mate

On average, an 8-ounce (240 ml) serving of yerba mate contains about 30-50 mg of caffeine. While this is less than coffee, which typically contains 95 mg of caffeine per 8-ounce serving, the caffeine in yerba mate provides a smoother and longer-lasting energy boost with yerba mate temperature.

Yerba tea

Typically, yerba mate is infused in hot water, not boiling, at a temperature resembling green tea, approximately 160 to 180 degrees. It’s slightly below the boiling point.

Benefits of drinking Yerba Mate?

Not only does Yerba Mate provide a boost of energy and mental focus, but it is also rich in nutrients like vitamin C, B vitamins, and potassium.

Yerba mate temperature

What I appreciate most about mate yerba is its potential to aid in weight loss by increasing metabolism and reducing appetite in yerba mate temp. Additionally, its anti-inflammatory properties have helped ease some of my arthritis symptoms.

Buying and storing yerba mate

I’d love to share some of my expertise and experience with you on buying and storing yerba, mate. Here’s what I recommend:

When it comes to buying yerba mate, it’s essential to look for high-quality leaves that are free from dust and stems. I always choose brands that use organic or sustainably sourced yerba mate to ensure the product is of the best quality. You can find yerba mate at most health food stores or online retailers.

Yerba mate temp

But, how long does yerba mate last?

When stored correctly in a cool, dark spot, in an airtight container that doesn’t let light or moisture in, and away from pantry items like coffee and spices that can affect its flavor, yerba mate can stay fresh for one to two years before needing to be used or replaced.

This will help maintain its flavor and potency. It is also best to use the yerba mate within a few months of purchasing it.

what is El mate

Keep in mind that yerba mate can spoil, like any natural product. If the leaves get stale or moldy, toss them and get a new batch. Store your yerba mate right and use it promptly to savor its delicious flavor longer.


So, there you have it! That’s the story of what is Yerba Mate tea – a unique brew with deep cultural roots cultivated in the beautiful regions of South America. I hope you’ve enjoyed this journey of discovery as much as I have. If you’re intrigued and want to experience the taste and tradition of Yerba Mate yourself, why not try? It could be a game-changer in your daily routine!

Thanks for Spiritea Drink


Is Yerba Mate a drug?

No, Yerba Mate is not a drug. It is a traditional South American social drink made from the leaves of the Ilex paraguariensis plant. However, it contains caffeine, a natural stimulant that can affect the nervous system.

Can kids drink Yerba mate tea?

In moderation, kids can drink Yerba Mate tea, but it’s crucial to remember that it contains caffeine. Caffeine can cause nervousness, restlessness, and other side effects in children. Additionally, it might interfere with their sleep and nutrition. It’s always best to consult a healthcare provider before introducing caffeinated beverages to a child’s diet.

Is yerba mate addictive?

Yerba Mate itself is not considered addictive, but it does contain caffeine, which some people can become dependent on over time. Excessive consumption can lead to caffeine dependence, causing withdrawal symptoms like headaches, fatigue, and irritability if stopped abruptly. Always consume in moderation and observe your reactions.

What is the traditional mate drinking ceremony?

The traditional Yerba Mate ceremony is a social event joint in South America, where Yerba Mate is prepared and shared in a group, symbolizing hospitality and friendship.

How does Yerba Mate compare to coffee?

Yerba Mate and coffee both contain caffeine, but Yerba Mate offers a smoother increase in energy and is rich in antioxidants, making the experience different from coffee.

What other components are found in Yerba Mate?

Aside from caffeine, Yerba Mate also contains theobromine, a compound found in chocolate, and various antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals.

Can rabbits digest yerba mate tea?

While there isn’t enough research to confirm whether or not rabbits can digest yerba mate, I usually recommend rabbit owners avoid giving any type of tea to their furry friends. This is because rabbits have sensitive digestive systems that can quickly become upset, especially with the introduction of new foods. Furthermore, yerba mate tea contains caffeine which can harm rabbits in large amounts. 

How does Yerba Mate contribute to the culture of South America?

Yerba Mate is deeply ingrained in the culture of South America, often associated with hospitality, friendship, and social gatherings, particularly in Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Brazil.